Korea is situated on the Korean Peninsula, which stretches 1,100 kilometers from north to south. Korean Peninsula is in the northeast part of the Asian continent, where Korean waters met the most western part of the Pacific Ocean.
The peninsula is bordered by China and Russia in the north.
In the east there is the East Sea, where Japan is situated opposite.
In the western part there is the Yellow Sea. In addition to the main land, Korean territory also includes approximately 3,200 islands. Korean territory as a whole covers 223 098 square kilometers, nearly the size of England or Ghana.
About 45 percent of this area, or 99 678 square kilometers, is considered as an area for planting, but do not include the territories reclaimed. Mountainous areas covering approximately two thirds of the territory like Portugal, Hungary or Ireland.
Taebaeksan mountains extends along the east coast, where the waves have created steep cliffs and small islands are rocky.
Slopes of the western and southern mountains is not too steep, which formed Geography Korea Border areas furthest point coordinates Sites Northern Yuwonjin, Hamgyeongbuk-do Province 43o 00''42 "N South side Marado Island, Jeju Special Autonomous Province 33o 06 ''43 "N East of Dokdo Island, Gyeongsangbuk-do Province 131o 52''21" E West of the island Maando, Pyeonganbuk-do Province 124o 11''04 "" E Source: National Geographic Information Institute plains and the island- island by the beach surrounded by coves.
Floating Island (The Floating Island) built in the city of Seoul Hangang River near Banpo. When completed in September 2009, the Floating Island, consisting of three artificial islands, will have facilities for performances, exhibitions, festivals, sports, and activities that are fun.
This peninsula has mountains and rivers with beautiful views so that the Korean people often equate their country with woven fabric embroidered with very pretty. The highest peak is Mount Baekdusan in North Korea, along the northern border facing China.
This mountain rises 2,744 meters above sea level and is a volcanic mountain that is no longer active, with a lake in the crater named Cheonji wide. The mountain is considered a very special symbol of the spirit of the Korean nation and the name is also mentioned in Korea's national anthem.
With regard to the vast territory, Korea has a large number of rivers and creeks.
These waterways have a very important role in shaping the lifestyle of Koreans and in the process of industrialization Korea.
The two longest rivers in North Korea are Amnokgang River (Yalu, 790 kilometers) and Dumangang River (Tumen, 521 kilometers). These rivers originate from Mt. Baekdusan.
Amnokgang river flowing to the west, while the Dumangang river flows to the east.
These rivers form the northern border region of the Korean Peninsula.
On the south side of the peninsula, the Nakdonggang River (521.5 kilometers) and the Hangang River (481.7 kilometers) are the two major waterways. Hangang River flows through Seoul, the capital of Korea, and serves as a source of life for a large number of Korean residents are concentrated in the central region of modern Korea, as well as the lives of the people in the days of the kingdoms in the past that developed on the banks of this river.
Surrounds the peninsula on three sides, the Pacific Ocean has a very large influence on the lives of Korean society since time immemorial, which ultimately played a role in shaping the nation's capability Korea in shipbuilding and navigation skills.